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Structural heart

The structural heart program focuses on the surgical treatment of patients with heart disease and other vascular conditions. Surgical options may include repairing or replacing damaged valves through methods such as TAVR and SAVR.

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Structural heart valve disease care in Brandon, Florida

Through our Heart Murmur and Valve Program, we are committed to providing treatment options that restore your quality of life.

At HCA Florida Brandon Hospital, our cardiologists provide the advanced heart care you need if you have a structural heart condition, such as a heart valve disease or heart murmur. These conditions are important to get diagnosed and treated correctly because valve conditions can make your heart work harder and affect its ability to pump blood.

Heart valve diseases and conditions we treat

Some people are born with a heart valve condition, while others acquire it later in life. We treat the following types of congenital and acquired heart valve diseases in adults and children:

  • Abnormal heart murmurs (holes in the heart), such as cardiac shunts or septal defects
  • Aortic valve diseases, such as regurgitation, stenosis and sclerosis
  • Bicuspid aortic valve disease (BAVD)
  • Congenital heart abnormalities
  • Heart valve abnormalities, such as stenosis and regurgitation
  • Heart murmurs, such as mitral regurgitation, stenosis and valve prolapse
  • Pulmonic regurgitation

Heart valve disease treatment options we offer

As part of our complete heart care services, we offer many treatment options for structural heart conditions. 

Our surgeons perform the following types of valve surgery:

  • Aortic valve replacement
  • Aortic valve repair
  • Congenital heart disease surgery
  • Mitral valve replacement
  • Mitral valve repair
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)

Learn more about the structural heart conditions we treat

If left untreated, heart valve disease can lead to heart failure, cerebrovascular accident (stroke), blood clots, sudden cardiac arrest and other cardiovascular conditions. To help, we provide education below about some of the conditions we treat.

Aortic valve diseases

These are conditions that affect the valve between the left ventricle and aorta, called the aortic valve. These problems include:

  • Aortic regurgitation: This condition occurs when the aortic valve does not close properly and allows blood pumped out of the left ventricle to leak back in.
  • Aortic stenosis: This condition occurs when the aortic valve narrows and restricts blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue and heart failure.
  • Aortic sclerosis: This condition occurs when calcifications form on the aortic valve, which narrows the opening of the valve. This results in a reduction of blood flow through the valve.

Bicuspid aortic valve disease (BAVD)

This is a structural abnormality in the aorta where the valve only has two leaflets to regulate blood flow instead of three.


Congenital heart abnormalities

These heart conditions are present at birth and are associated with a problem in the heart's structure, such as the heart walls and valves.


Heart murmurs in adults and children

A heart murmur is defined as an extra, and sometimes unusual, sound heard during a heartbeat. Murmurs can range from very faint to very loud. There are two types of heart murmurs: abnormal and innocent murmurs.

Abnormal heart murmurs

An abnormal murmur generally occurs in people with signs or symptoms of a heart problem. In children, the most common cause of an abnormal murmur is congenital heart disease, which means the child was born with a structural heart abnormality.

Common congenital heart abnormalities that cause heart murmurs may include:

  • Holes in the heart: Also known as cardiac shunts or septal defects, this type of murmur is caused by holes in the walls between the chambers of the heart.
  • Heart valve abnormalities: These are conditions that are present at birth, but often are not discovered until later in life. This can include stenosis and regurgitation.

In adults, abnormal heart murmurs are most often caused by acquired heart valve disease. There are other potential causes of abnormal murmurs, such as infections and conditions that damage the heart's structure. These causes are more common in older children and adults and may include:

  • Endocarditis
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Valve calcification
  • Mitral valve prolapse
Innocent heart murmurs

An innocent murmur is not caused by a problem with the heart, and a person with an innocent murmur is considered to have a normal heart. Innocent murmurs are common in healthy children and newborns.


Mitral valve diseases

These conditions occur when the mitral valve is not functioning properly and disrupts the function of the left atrium. Mitral valve diseases include:

  • Mitral regurgitation: This condition occurs when the mitral valve reverses the blood flow from the left ventricle to left atrium.
  • Mitral stenosis: This condition occurs when the mitral valve narrows and blocks blood flow from the left atrium to left ventricle.
  • Mitral valve prolapse: This condition occurs when the leaflets that allow blood to flow through the mitral valve prolapse, or expand, into the left atrium during contraction. It can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.

Pulmonic regurgitation

This condition occurs when the pulmonary valve, which supplies blood from the heart to the lungs, does not close properly. This allows blood to flow back into the heart before it reaches the lungs.


Tricuspid valve diseases

These conditions affect the valve that connects the right ventricle and right atrium, called the tricuspid valve. Tricuspid conditions include:

  • Tricuspid regurgitation: This condition occurs when the tricuspid valve does not close tight enough and allows blood to flow back into the right atrium.
  • Tricuspid stenosis: This condition occurs when the tricuspid valve narrows and obstructs blood flow in the right side of the heart.

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