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Cardiology is the medical treatment of the heart and parts of the circulatory system as they relate to the heart. Cardiologists specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the cardiovascular system.


Cardiovascular care in Sanford, Florida

When you need heart and vascular care, you want access to a team who can provide complete cardiac services.

At HCA Florida Lake Monroe Hospital, we provide the comprehensive cardiovascular care you need. In fact, we are one of the only hospitals in Seminole and West Volusia counties to offer comprehensive cardiopulmonary (cardiac and respiratory) care. Our multidisciplinary team includes cardiologists, cardiopulmonary specialists, heart and vascular surgeons and other specialists. These physicians partner with you and your family to prevent disease, diagnose and treat conditions in their earliest stages and maximize your overall cardiopulmonary and cardiovascular health.

Is your heart healthy?

Understanding your heart health is critical to getting the care you need. We offer a health risk assessment to help get you started.

Understanding your heart health is critical to getting the care you need. We offer a health risk assessment to help get you started.

Related specialties

Learn more about our related specialties

Conditions we treat

Working together, our care team treats a wide range of conditions, including:

  • Aneurysms
  • Angina and acute coronary syndrome
  • Aortic valve disease
  • Arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation (AFib)
  • Autonomic disorders
  • Cardiopulmonary diseases, such as pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary valve disease
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Endocarditis
  • Heart attacks
  • High cholesterol
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease
  • Hypotension
  • Mitral valve disease
  • Pericardial disease
  • Septal defects
  • Strokes
  • Syncope
  • Thrombolysis
  • Tricuspid valve disease

Our cardiac services

Our team is dedicated to offering you full-service, personalized cardiac care as well as education for living a heart-healthy lifestyle.

Cardiopulmonary care

Our cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary physicians collaborate to treat conditions that affect both cardiac and respiratory health. This type of multidisciplinary care is essential because it ensures comprehensive care and support for patients with cardiopulmonary diseases.

We use advanced techniques and technology to perform a range of cardiopulmonary procedures, from diagnostic exams to complex surgeries.

Emergency heart attack care

The team in our hospital's emergency department is prepared 24/7 to diagnose and treat patients with heart attack symptoms. Symptoms may come and go until finally becoming constant and severe. It's also possible patients experiencing heart attacks may not have all of the symptoms.

Common heart attack symptoms include:

  • Anxiety
  • Back pain
  • Chest pressure, squeezing or discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling of fullness
  • Jaw pain
  • Nausea
  • Pain that travels down one or both arms
  • Shortness of breath

If you think someone is having a heart attack, call 911 immediately.

Cardiac diagnostics

We use specialized tools to screen for and diagnose cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary conditions. Some of these advanced diagnostics include:

  • Cardiac stress testing
  • Echocardiography (ECHO), including transthoracic ECHO and transesophageal ECHO
  • Electrocardiography (EKG)
  • Holter monitoring
  • Methacholine challenge testing
  • Oxygen evaluation
  • Plethysmography
  • Pulmonary function testing (PFT)
  • Tilt table testing
  • Transthoracic ultrasound
Cardiac stress test

A cardiac stress test is an EKG performed while a patient is exercising. This test is used to determine how the heart responds to physical stress.


Echocardiography involves noninvasive diagnostic testing of the heart and its functionality. This test helps physicians diagnose and determine the severity of various cardiac diseases.

Electrocardiogram (EKG)

An EKG is a safe and painless test that records electrical impulses of the heart. A doctor may recommend an EKG for various reasons, including chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and an irregular heartbeat.

Pulmonary function test (PFT)

A PFT measures the health of the lungs and enables doctors to detect changes in respiratory function. Many causes of pulmonary conditions can be successfully treated when detected early.

Cardiac treatments

We offer a full range of treatments and procedures, including:

  • Angioplasty
  • Atherectomy
  • Cardiac ablation
  • Cardiac catheterization, including coronary angiography and peripheral artery catheterization
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Cardioversion
  • Cardioverter-defibrillator and pacemaker insertion, removal and repair
  • Coronary angioplasty
  • Left atrial appendage device
  • Open-heart surgery
  • Respiratory therapy
  • Stent placement
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
Cardiac catheterization

Our cardiac catheterization laboratory has advanced technology that allows us to view the heart and blood vessels. This technology aids in the effective diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of conditions.


Electrophysiology is the study of the heart’s electrical system. It is used to understand the electrical properties of the cells and tissues within the heart in order to diagnose and treat certain heart conditions, such as heart rhythm disorders. During an electrophysiology study, a doctor will insert catheters through blood vessels that connect to the heart. These catheters are attached to small electrodes that can measure electrical activity.

Heart and vascular surgery

We strive to resolve your symptoms and treat your condition with the least invasive method of care possible. However, surgery is sometimes the most effective treatment option. If a cardiovascular surgery is necessary, we are with you and your family every step of the way. Our surgeons use both minimally invasive and traditional techniques, and we provide preoperative education for patients needing open-heart surgery.

Cardiac rehabilitation

We offer a specialized rehabilitation program to support our patients who are managing cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary conditions or recovering from surgeries. This 12-week outpatient program helps patients gain more endurance, strength and confidence and promotes heart-healthy lifestyles.

Additionally, we are proud to have this program certified by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. This certification is a reflection of our comprehensive approach to cardiac rehabilitative care.

Cardiovascular disease prevention

Cardiovascular disease is a term used to describe a wide range of cardiovascular conditions. When you are aware of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease — and identify any that apply to you — you can proactively manage your cardiovascular health.

Cardiovascular disease risk factors

Certain factors can put people at risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Talk with your doctor about your risk for cardiovascular disease if you have one or more of the following risk factors:

  • Family history of heart and vascular disease
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Personal history of diabetes
  • Personal history of smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Cardiovascular health screenings

We offer free cardiac risk profile screenings by appointment on Tuesday and Thursday mornings, from 7:00am to 10:00am. These screenings involve blood testing, which requires fasting. For more information or to schedule a screening, call us at (800) 455-3392.

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