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Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is found in the colon or rectum. It is represented by the growth of polyps in the lower portion of the digestive tract, which can become cancerous. Colorectal cancer is often treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Colonoscopies are performed as screening measures to identify potential polyps.

HCAHealthcare_Specialty_Oncology_ColorectalCancer

Colorectal health center in Palm Beach County, Florida

If you have been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, we hope you can take comfort in knowing our team of oncology specialists is on your side.

At HCA Florida JFK Hospital, our cancer treatment center offers a team approach to colorectal cancer care. We work together to make sure you receive the treatment and support you need.

Our colorectal cancer care program

If cancer is detected, we will work with you to determine the best treatment option.

Cancer treatment options

Depending on your diagnosis, your care plan may include:

  • Active surveillance
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgery (including robotic, laparoscopic and traditional surgical techniques)
  • Radiation therapy

Multidisciplinary colorectal cancer care

From diagnosis to recovery, our team will walk with you every step of the way. This team includes:

  • Colorectal surgeons
  • Gastroenterologists
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) oncology nurse navigators
  • Genetics counselors
  • Nutritionists
  • Pathologists
  • Physical therapists
  • Radiation oncologists
  • Radiologists
  • Social workers

Understanding colon cancer

Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon), the lower part of the digestive system. Rectal cancer is cancer of the last several inches of the colon. Together, they are often referred to as colorectal cancer.

Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous growths, called polyps. Over time, some of these polyps can become colon cancer. We recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer or find it at an early stage when it is smaller and easier to treat.

Symptoms of colon cancer

We recommend you schedule a colon screening if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms:

  • A change in bowel movements (such as diarrhea or constipation)
  • Blood in your stool
  • Constant fatigue
  • Cramping or abdominal pain
  • Feeling that your bowels are not emptying completely
  • Pain and discomfort in the abdomen
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss

Risk factors for colorectal cancer

Two of the most common risk factors that increase your chance of getting colon or rectal cancer include having a personal or family history of polyps or colorectal cancer and being 45 years old or older. Other lifestyle factors that may increase your chances include:

  • Being a tobacco user
  • Being African American
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Consuming alcohol
  • Eating a low-fiber and high-fat diet
  • Having a low fruit and vegetable intake
  • Having an inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
  • Having an insufficient intake of clean, safe water
  • Lacking regular exercise

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